Over the 3 years, each PhD student is required to complete a study, training and research stay abroad of at least 3 months (a stay divided into separate periods, usually lasting no less than a month, is acceptable).

6 credits will be recognized for each month spent abroad, up to a maximum of 18 credits.

The obligation can be extraordinarily waived for reasons of force majeure, such as illness, maternity/paternity and, for the case of Industrial Doctorates, lack of authorization by the employer due to unexpected changes of the working conditions in force at the time of the competition.

For further information concerning PhD students' mobility abroad (such as procedures, obligations, Marco Polo program, Erasmus+ program, etc.), please refer to the University of Bologna PhD Intranet Website: